Hello and thank you for signing up for The Freedom Trail Tour. This tour will cover the first mile of the 2.5 mile Freedom Trail sites and will take two hours to complete. This a very historical tour and will cover some of the many sites and characters which/who were important in the founded our great nation. Some of the characters we will meet are John Hancock, Samuel Adams, Paul Revere, Peter Faneuil. If you want familiarize yourself with some of these sites/characters I have include links to Wikipedia. This will help guest gain a greater understanding of the sites so when touring the sites will be a bit familiar. I find this is very helpful not only non-Americans who may not be familiar with some of these sites but also for Americans who want to gain a better understanding of the sites we will cover.
The Freedom Trail is a red (mostly brick) path through downtown Boston that leads to 17 significant historic sites. It is a 2.5-mile walk from Boston Common to the Bunker Hill Monument. Simple ground markers explaining events, graveyards, notable churches and other buildings, and a historic naval frigate are stops along the way. Our two hour Freedom Trail Tour covers the first mile of the trail.
The trail was originally conceived by local journalist William Schofield, who since 1951 had promoted the idea of a pedestrian trail to link together important local landmarks. John Hynes, the mayor of Boston, decided to put Schofield’s idea into action. By 1953, 40,000 people annually were enjoying the sites and history on the Freedom Trail.
John Hancockwas a merchant, statesman, and prominent Patriot of the American Revolution. He was the first elected Governor of Massachusetts and the richest man in Boston at the time. He is remembered for his large and stylish signature on the Declaration of Independence, so much so that the term “John Hancock” became, in the United States, a synonym for signature.
Samuel Adams was an American statesman, political philosopher and one of America’s founding fathers. As a politician, Adams was a leader of the movement that became the American Revolution, and was one of the architects American Republicanism. He was a second cousin to President John Adams.
Paul Revere, probably one of the most famous Patriot of the American Revolution, was an silversmith and early industrialist. He is most famous for alerting the Colonial militia to the approach of British Troops before the Battles of Lexington and Concord on the eve the American Revolution as dramatized in Henry Wadsworth Longfellow’s poem The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere.
The Burying Ground was the third cemetery established in the city of Boston and dates to the year 1660. The need for the site arose because the land set aside for the city’s first burial ground, King’s Chapel Burial Ground, located a block east was insufficient to meet the city’s growing population. Early in its existence the area was known as the South Burying Ground until 1737 at which point it took on the name of the granary building which formerly stood on the site of what is now the Park St. Church. The burying ground was originally part of the Boston Common, which then encompassed the entire block. The Burial Ground holds the remains of three signers of the Declaration of Independence, John Hancock, Samuel Adams and Robert Treat Paine.
The Boston Tea Partywas a nonviolent protest by the Son’s of Liberty in Boston on December 16, 1773. Disguised as Indians, the demonstrators destroyed the entire supply of tea sent by the East Indian Tea Company in defiance of the American boycott of tea carrying a tax the Americans had not authorized. Members of the Sons of Liberty boarded three ships and threw the 340 chests of tea into the Boston Harbor, ruining the tea. The British government responded harshly and the episode was the fuse that set off the American Revolution. The Tea Party became an iconic event of American History, and other political protests often refer to it.
The Boston Massacre, was an incident on March 5, 1770, in which British Army soldiers killed five civilian men and injured six others. British troops had been stationed in Boston, since 1768 in order to protect and support crown-appointed colonial officials attempting to enforce unpopular Parliamentary legislation. Amid ongoing tense relations between the population and the soldiers, a mob formed around a British sentry, who was subjected to verbal abuse and harassment. He was eventually supported by eight additional soldiers, who were subjected to verbal threats and thrown objects. They fired into the crowd, without orders, instantly killing three people and wounding others. Two more people died later of wounds sustained in the incident.