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This post is a list of medical museums in London and is updated in 2022.

Some of them are free while others have an entry cost. Several of the ticketed museums are included for free in tourist passes. 


If you’re curious about modern medicine and healthcare, the 16 museums listed below may be of interest.

These all focus on science and medical breakthroughs as well as honoring pioneers in the field.  

The best thing about the museums in this section is that they're free! We have a post on free museums in London.

Also, read our post on free things to do in London for more budget-friendly ideas.  

Science Museum

Discover the world around us from the solar system to how the human body works.

The Science Museum is one of the main three on Exhibition Road and one of the most popular free museums in London. 

Royal London Hospital Museum

Anyone curious about the human body and how it works will enjoy a trip to the Royal London Hospital Museum

They are located in a former church crypt and have exhibits dedicated to antique instruments and the Elephant Man Joseph Merrick. 

Anaesthesia Heritage Centre

Learn about the history of Anesthesia and surgery at the Anaesthesia Heritage Centre. The Centre has historical medical records and a rare book collection.

Note: Call ahead of your visit to double check hours.

Wellcome Collection

The Wellcome Collection is a unique museum that focuses on the scientific perspective on maintaining health and wellness.

You can explore the library and exhibits that combine medicine and art.

British Dental Association Museum

The British Dental Association Museum has a large collection of dental artifacts ranging from fascinating to terrifying.

See how the dental profession has changed from the 17th century to now.

Bethlem Royal Hospital Museum of the Mind

From recorded experiences about living with mental illness to education about them, the Bethlem Royal Hospital Museum of the Mind is devoted to the improvement of mental health.

The museum is held within the first UK institution to exclusively care for mentally ill patients. 

British Optical Association Museum

Take a look at artifacts from Optometrists throughout the ages at the world’s oldest optical museum. 

The British Optical Association Museum holds old glasses, reading tests, and documentation of patient care.

Note: You must make a reservation to visit this museum.

Museum of the Order of St. John

Discover how the St. John Ambulance charity started with the medical care of sick pilgrims by a religious military order at the Museum of the Order of St. John.

There is a children’s activity trail to follow for younger visitors that put the exhibits in chronological order.

Royal Pharmaceutical Society Museum

Brand name medicines have documentation back to the 1700s.

You can learn about the pharmaceutical beginnings of today’s healthcare, including equipment, development, and politics at the Royal Pharmaceutical Society.

St. Bartholomew’s Hospital Museum

The St. Bartholomew's Hospital Museum holds the history of multiple London hospitals, including documentation of patient care, teaching methods, and how hospitals have been run throughout the years.

If you’re interested in the history of organized hospitals, check out St. Bartholomew’s Hospital.

Barts Pathology Museum

Barts Pathology Museum is located in St. Bartholomew’s and is still occasionally used to teach medical residents in the hospital. This museum holds specimens of body parts and bacteria cultures.

Note: The Pathology Museum is only open during specific events.

British Red Cross Museum & Archives

How did the British Red Cross organization start? How did it expand during World War I?

In this museum, you can find records from war volunteers, historic Red Cross-themed toys, and other medical artifacts.

Note: You must make a reservation to see this museum.

Langdon Down Museum of Learning Disability

This museum brings attention to how common learning disabilities are and displays the ways society has treated them.

The museum is in the former home of a Victorian physician, Dr. John Langdon Down, who took a compassionate and educated approach to care for patients with learning disabilities.

Royal College of Nursing Library & Heritage Centre

The Royal College of Nursing is home to Europe’s biggest collection of artifacts from the nursing occupation over the last 200 years.

Discover how the profession evolved and became regulated so that patients had better and safer experiences.

Note: You must make an appointment to see the collection.

Royal Society of Medicine

Get a look into specific eras and issues the medical world has dealt with at the Royal Society of Medicine.

The library hosts a constantly rotating selection of exhibits on people, organizations, and diseases.

Note: The exhibits are free but you must download a ticket from the website to enter.

Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists Museum

This museum is focused completely on the history and development of women’s healthcare.

From original Chamberlen forceps to rare books and paintings, you can learn a lot about how women’s health has evolved over the centuries.


From laboratories to education, here is the list of medical museums throughout London that have an entry fee to enter.

Alexander Fleming Laboratory Museum

Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin in 1928 in St. Mary’s Hospital. Now, the hospital has restored his lab to that year in honor of the development of antibiotics since then.


  • Adults £4
  • Children, Students, and Seniors £2

Chelsea Physic Garden

Hidden right in the middle of London is the city’s oldest botanic garden. The plants were originally grown to be edible or medicinal, and it still stands today as an oasis in the busy city.


  • Adults £6.50 - £11 depending on the season
  • Concessions £4.50 - £7.50 depending on the season
  • Family Ticket £24.15 - £35.70 depending on the season

Foundling Museum

The Foundling Museum was the UK’s first children’s charity hospital. The art and displays pay homage to the charity work and hope to inspire visitors to also make contributions to their communities.


  • Adults £10
  • Students, Seniors, Concessions £7.50
  • 21 and under enter FREE

Florence Nightingale Museum

Florence Nightingale is the most famous nurse in the world and was responsible for changing the way nurses were trained and teaching healthcare professionals about the importance of hygiene. The museum celebrates her life and achievements. 


  • Adults £8
  • Under 16s £4
  • Concessions (Seniors, Military, Disabled) £6
  • Students £5

Freud Museum

Sigmund Freud's home is now the location of the Freud Museum. Here you can learn about Freud's life, the history of psychoanalysis, and how his youngest daughter also contributed to the field.


  • Adults £9
  • Concessions £7
  • Children 12-16 £5
  • Under 12s FREE

Old Operating Theatre Museum

Take a look at Europe's oldest surgical theatre, which was in use before anesthesia and hygiene protocols. It truly was like a theatre, with plenty of seating options available for onlookers. 


  • Adults £6.50
  • Concessions £5
  • Under 18s £3.50


The museums listed here have an entry fee but are also included in tourist passes for free. Additionally, these passes also include other museums in London.

Check out our post on London city passes for more information and attractions.


If you’re looking for other London activities, take a look at our guide to exploring London on a budget.

We have suggested itineraries, places to look for discount shopping, and tips on getting discount theatre tips.

London Walking Tours

Our suggestions for other things to do in London:

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About The Author


An American simply by accident of birth, Margaret moved to London over 16 years ago and hasn’t looked back since! With a keen interest in History – and a BA degree to match – Margaret prides herself on her knowledge of the amazing city she calls home and she's been guiding here now for nearly a decade. Social history is her real expertise, with sound understanding of the day-to-day lives of Londoners over the past centuries.
Updated: January 23rd, 2023
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