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13 Facts About the WW2 Memorial

Updated: January 22, 2023

This post covers the facts about the WW2 Memorial in Washington, DC, with tips on how to get here, guided tours and what you will see. 


The WWII Memorial was dedicated in 2004 at the site of the Rainbow Pool, which was incorporated into the memorial design as the fountain you see in the center.

WWII Memorial

The memorial is divided into two sides (north and south) that represent the Atlantic and Pacific fronts.

You will find the names of battles, quotes from presidents and generals, and scenes from each front throughout the memorial.

Atlantic Arch WWII

The Atlantic and Pacific arches also act as entrances to walk into the memorial.

Inside each arch, you will find 4 American bald eagles, each holding garland in their beaks, which holds a laurel wreath.

Eagles World War 2 Memorial

The laurel wreath is the symbol of victory and peace.

Directly beneath the wreath is a large medallion depicting Nike, the Roman Goddess of Victory.

She is standing on the helmet of Mars, the God of War, and she is holding parts of a broken sword in both hands. 

WWII Victory Medal

World War 2 veterans will recognize this image as it's the same image that adorned the only universal medal earned by each member of the U.S. Armed Forces during WW2.

The symbols in these 2 entrances leave no doubt to the visitor that this memorial is dedicated to the total victory by U.S. and Allied Forces.

Surrounding the fountain are 56 columns that list U.S. states, commonwealths, and territories that sent men and women to serve under the U.S. flag during WWII.

Each column has two wreaths, one inside and one outside.

WWII Wreath

One wreath consists of oak leaves, representing industrial might. The other consists of wheat, representing the agricultural might of the United States.

Freedom Wall and the Gold Stars

The Freedom Wall, an arched wall containing thousands of gold stars, is where we "mark the price of Freedom" and honor the 416,800 American servicemen who died in uniform during WWII.

Gold Stars World War 2 Memorial Freedom Wall

The gold stars come from a military tradition in the USA where military families hang small flags in the windows of their homes to note that a family member was serving in uniform.

Blue Stars World War 2

If that member paid the ultimate sacrifice, then the blue star would be replaced with a gold star.

There are 4,048 Gold Stars with each star representing approximately 100 U.S. service members who perished in uniform during the war.

The Order of the States

The order of the states and territories is not immediately obvious.

They are arranged in order that they became part of the United States and alternate from side to side, starting with Delaware and Pennsylvania, the 1st two states to ratify the U.S. Constitution, on either side of the Freedom Wall.

Kilroy Was Here

One of the many hidden secrets of the WWII Memorial is a depiction of Kilroy hidden on the memorial (actually it is hidden twice!).

Kilroy Was Here WWII

You'll have to take one of our tours to find him :).

For more information on the symbolism and history of the WWII Memorial, take our guided National Mall Tour as well as our National Mall and Tidal Basin Tour.


The World War 2 Memorial is a 7 acre (3 hectares) memorial located on the National Mall and is dedicated to those who served in uniform and at the homefront during the war.

Like most memorials in DC, the World War 2 National Memorial is open 24 hours a day.

However, NPS Rangers are on staff to answer questions and provide interpretive tours of the memorial from 9:30 am until 10:00 pm (22:00) every day except for Christmas Day.

World War 2 Memorial DC at Night

The memorial is particularly beautiful lit up at night and is one of the top things to do at night in DC.

The memorials on-site computer registry is available during Ranger hours only. Read more about honoring WW2 veterans here.

Most visitors come as part of a visit to the National Mall and spend between 20-30 minutes here, though you could easily spend more time here.

Planning a Trip to Washington DC

How to Get Here

The World War 2 Memorial is located on the west side of the National Mall (map), in between the Washington Monument and the Lincoln Memorial.

Where is the World War 2 Memorial

The memorial is a stop on our daily National Mall Tour as well as our National Mall and Tidal Basin Tour and Memorials and Moonlight tour, so let us take you there.

If you are considering a hop-on-hop-off bus ticket while in DC, then note that all companies stop at this memorial as well as other types of bus tours.  

Nearest Metro Station

The closest Metro station is the Smithsonian Metro Station (Blue-Orange-Silver).

It’s about a 13-minute walk (directions) from the Metro station to the memorial.  

Smithsonian Station to World War 2 Memorial

If you are new to DC's subway, then read our guide on navigating the Metro system.

If Metro's Red Line is most convenient for you, you could exit at Farragut North Metro Station. From there, it's about a 20-min walk to the memorial.

Take the 17th Street exit and head down the hill (southbound). The WWII Memorial will be on your right once you reach the National Mall.

DC Circulator Bus

Alternatively, you could take the DC Circulator Bus, which has a National Mall route. The bus is free and makes stops at various memorials and monuments.

DC Circulator Bus

However, the bus doesn't have a stop at the WW2 Memorial. You would need to get off at either the Washington Monument or the MLK Memorial stops.

Both stops require just a 5-minute walk.


There is very limited street parking nearby. Parking can be found all along Ohio Drive just to the south of the Lincoln Memorial (see the green lines below).

Parking near the Lincoln Memorial

Just be patient, as visitors are coming and going frequently, so you will eventually get a spot there.

World War 2 Memorial Registry

Alternatively, you could park along Constitution Ave NW outside of rush hour. All spots are paid and limited to 3 hours, so pay attention to signage.

You can also pay for a space in a garage ahead of time through a service called SpotHero.

Nearby Attractions

Due to its central location on the National Mall, the World War 2 Memorial is nearby several other popular attractions.

Be sure to read our guide to all memorials and monuments in Washington, DC.


There is no shortage of private companies that offer tours that include the WWII Memorial, including us, DC by Foot.  

The memorial is a stop on 3 of our most popular walking tours. 

  • National Mall Tour
  • National Mall and Tidal Basin Tour
  • Memorials and Moonlight Tour

Browse our live schedule.

The memorial is also a part of our anytime GPS-led audio tour of the National Mall. 

There are also several sightseeing bus toursbike tours, and Segway tours that offer guided walks as part of their tours, including walks of the memorial.

National Park Ranger Talks

Park Rangers, as well as volunteers, provide daily “interpretive programs” on the hour every hour from 10 a.m. until 10:30 pm (22:30). These talks are free.


Unlike the Vietnam Veteran's Memorial, there are no names listed at the WWII Memorial. Instead, those men killed in action are honored with the gold stars.

However, at the Ranger Station on the southern side of the memorial, you will find computer screens. These are only accessible during the day.

Here you can search for a veteran of WWII and they will provide you with information about this person and a photo if they have one.

The online WWII Memorial Registry lists Americans who contributed to the war effort, both an official list documented by government databases and an unofficial registry of anyone who helped win the war.

Any person can submit any name to the Registry of Remembrances as a "thank you" for their efforts during the war.

Honor Flights

Bob Dole at the WW2 Memorial

You may encounter an Honor Flight during your visit. Honor Flights started as a way to honor WWII veterans with a chance to visit DC, though they are now open to veterans of other wars as well.

It may be a single group from a small community or a day (usually a Saturday or Sunday) where dozen of Honor Flights are visiting the memorial.

On days when there are many attendees, you'll see greeters in 1940s garb, wreath layings, Honor Guards, and on occasion, Bob Dole!

For more information on what Honor Flights may be visiting and other ways to honor veterans, visit their website.


About The Author

Canden Arciniega

Follow On Instagram | Canden is a historian & tour guide in Washington DC with 4 published books about the city. She has written for HuffPost Travel and has been featured in the Washington Post, WTOP, and numerous other DC papers. She's also been interviewed by the BBC, NPR, Travel Channel and Discovery Family Channel. Canden is the producer of the podcast, Tour Guide Tell All. She is an authority on D.C. history, and has led tours in the city since 2011. She currently resides in DC, but has also lived in London and South Korea, and has traveled to over 28 countries and every US State but Hawaii. She homeschools her 2 children by exploring the plethora of museums in DC.
Updated: January 22nd, 2023
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